By Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane
In this concise and balanced survey of heresy and inquisition within the heart a while, Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane explores the more and more sour encounters among piety, reform, dissent, and the institutional Church among 1100 and 1500. even supposing the loaded phrases of ''heresy'' and ''orthodoxy'' hired by means of ecclesiastical officers recommend a transparent department among correct and incorrect, that department was once in truth vigorously contested through medieval humans in any respect degrees of society. Deane investigates key matters that sparked confrontations among Christians, together with entry to scripture, apostolic types of poverty and preaching, the Eucharist and sacramental energy, and clerical corruption and wealth. She strains the capability through which Church elites built an more and more advanced set of inquisitorial tactics and assets to spot, label, and repress ''heresy,'' examines some of the local eruptions of such confrontations throughout medieval Europe, and considers the judicial methods that introduced many to the stake. The booklet levels from the ''Good Christians'' of Languedoc and Lombardy and the pan-European ''Poor,'' to non secular Franciscans, lay spiritual girls, anticlerical and vernacular routine in England and Bohemia, mysticism, magical practices, and witchcraft. all through, Deane considers how the hot inquisitorial bureaucracies not just fueled nervousness over heresy, yet really generated fictional ''heresies'' via their very own texts and strategies. Incorporating contemporary study and debates within the box, her research brings to existence a compelling factor that profoundly motivated the medieval world.
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Additional info for A History of Medieval Heresy and Inquisition
The Medieval Church: A Brief History. New York: Longman, 1992. Moore, R. I. The Formation of a Persecuting Society: Authority and Deviance in Western Europe, 950–1250. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007. ———. The First European Revolution: 970–1215 (The Making of Europe). Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2000. Rivard, Derek A. Blessing the World: Ritual and Lay Piety in Medieval Religion. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2009. Swanson, R. N. Religion and Devotion in Europe, c. 1215–1515.
This space left blank intentionally. 40 Chapter One seen that some isolated regions may have been organized along a hierarchical ecclesiastical model, it would be a mistake on multiple levels to speak of a heretical Church. , in the twelfth century) the faith had been virtually a family legacy. ”19 That Occitanian families proved remarkably receptive to the religious spirit of the Good Christians poses a challenge to the traditional interpretation of Catharism as antisocial, dour, and essentially negative.
A Catholic council at Avignon in 1209 sharply rebuked clergy who were “indistinguishable from laymen in conduct”;15 a few years later Pope Innocent III would also blame the rise of heresy on clerical laxity, calling the bishops of Languedoc “blind creatures, dumb dogs who no longer bark,”16 and removing several elite clergy from their positions. Although there were perhaps failures in leadership, however, not all the criticism was fair: most of the clergy in local areas were operating in hampered conditions, often impoverished to the point of incapacity, poorly educated, and likely demoralized by the abuse heaped upon them by nobility.