By Teresa Scolamacchia, José Luis Macías
This e-book summarizes the stories performed at of the main energetic volcanoes of Chiapas (Mexico): El Chichón and Tacaná. El Chichón erupted explosively in 1982 killing greater than 2000 humans being the worst volcanic catastrophe in Mexico, and Tacaná produced gentle phreatic explosions in 1950 and 1986. in simple terms after those explosions a surge of recent experiences started to unreveal their volcanic background and influence.
This publication provides the state-of-the-art advances in themes relating to the geologic atmosphere of the 2 volcanoes, their eruptive background and composition of erupted items, the hydrothermal structures and their manifestations. Volcanic risks and hazards and attainable mitigation plans are mentioned in line with the event of the catastrophic eruption of El Chichón that happened in 1982. The e-book also will contain formerly unpublished fabric at the plants and the fauna of the area and archaeological and social features of the world that's inhabited via indigenous people.
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Additional info for Active Volcanoes of Chiapas (Mexico): El Chichón and Tacaná
4b), with the notable exceptions of P, as pointed out above. e. Zr, Nb, Ta, Th, U) (Fig. 4b) as would have been expected in maﬁc melts. Only few 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd isotopic ratios have been published (Macías et al. 2003; Andrews et al. 2008) for El Chichón volcanic rocks (Fig. 5). e. Tajumulco volcano, Tacaná’s nearest volcanic neighbor in northwestern Guatemala). 87Sr/86Sr ratios in plagioclase crystals from Holocene deposits (Tepley et al. 2000; Andrews et al. 2008) show a complex correlation with An contents.
Geofís Int 38:95–106 Reynolds JH (1987) Timing and sources of neogene and quaternary volcanism in South-Central Guatemala. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 33:9–22 Rogers R, Mann P (2007) Transtensional deformation of the western Caribbean-North America plate boundary. Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 428:37–64 Rogers RD, Kárason H, van der Hilst RD (2002) Epeirogenic uplift above a detached slab in northern Central America. Geology 30:1031–1034 Rogers RD, Mann P, Emmet PA (2007) Tectonic terranes of the Chortis block based on integration of regional aeromagnetic and geologic data.
11 El Chichón and Tacaná samples plotted on Ba versus La and Ba/La versus U/Th diagrams. Notice that the behavior of Tacaná rocks suggests an important slab contribution in generating magmas (Carr et al. 1990). Data from Arce et al. (2014) 2 Petrology and Geochemistry … beneath Tacaná, as recently proposed by Arce et al. e. Walker et al. 2003). A greater influence of the slab would be also indicated by the higher 87Sr/86Sr ratios of the Tacaná volcanic rocks (Fig. 5). Incoming maﬁc magmas are somewhat heterogeneous considering that a high-Ti component must also be entering the magmatic system (Fig.