By Siti Syamsiyatun
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Bnll, I988), 28,239-240. , 242-243. , 251-252. "Nasr, Science uid Ciy17izationin Islam, 293. '" Several supporters of Penpatetic philosophy, other than the ones mentioned above, are wolthy of mention here- They include Ab6 B a b Muiymrnad b. a (d. 53311 138), Abu Bakr b. Tufayl (d. 58 V1185) and ai- Shahrastani, whom Guillaume considers the greatest Muslim philosopher before Abu - al-Walid Mdpmmad b. Alyad b. Rushd (659Y1198). e. the school of Illumination, was brought into being by Shihiib al-Dk Yahyâ al-Suhrawardi "al- Maqtül" (executed in 58711191) of Aleppo.
364. " Georges During the Middle Ages, three monotheistic religions -Judaism, Christianity, and Islam - existeci side by side in the Mediterranean area. The relationshïp ammg them was amazingly amiable in certain anas, and Christians, Jews, and Muslims had ample opportunities to "compare" their religions with others and ask senous questions. &. This scientific temper in the study of religions develo ed o d y at the dawn of the modem penod, namely during the Enlightenment. 3r Another similar judgment of the nature o f the medieval approach to the a u d y of religions is given by Charles R Long.
The mosques at that time were the normal sites of learning such strictly religious sciences as tradition (@adth)and jurisprudence (fiqh), whereas the discourse of scholastic theology dm al-kaliin), philology (IuHa) and letters (adab) were offered in the masters' pnvate residences or assernblies. A. Shalaby, History of Muiciim Education (Beirut, 1954), 29. " S uhayr Mukht Zr, the editor of al-Shahrastki's Kr'ta'b MpGa 'at BI-FaIlafi, mentions that al-Shahrastx was bom of Persian origin without providing the sources of such premise.